JUMP TO:

Hands-On Look At Shimano’s Action Camera, the CM-1000

DSC_2785

A few days ago the Shimano CM-1000 action cam that I bought finally came in.  After getting some hands-on time with the unit I wanted to give some initial impressions and thoughts.  The camera is unique in that it connects to ANT+ sensors (i.e. heart rate, cadence, power, etc…) and Shimano Di2 systems, while also being very small and fully waterproofed.  The camera gained a fair bit of fame back at the Tour of California for some awesome sprint shots from the peloton.

This post isn’t in lieu of a full in-depth review.  That’s coming later this summer once Shimano releases the rest of the system.  Right now they’ve only released the action camera, but not any other cycling mounts nor the critical software required to actually get all the cool sensor data (aka: the reason you’d actually buy this camera).

Nonetheless, I figure this post will serve a few purposes.  First, it’ll give you some of my initial thinking on the unit.  Second, it’ll give folks a good discussion area to talk about experiences with the unit.  And third, maybe Shimano will heed some of my posted suggestions in time for my final review later this summer.  Though, I’ve never had any discussions with them, so no promises there.

With that, let’s dive into things.

What’s in the box:

IMG_7180

Inside the CM-1000 box you’ll find a large stash of papers, along with the camera itself, a second lens, a micro-USB cable, and a helmet mount.  There’s also a small super-thin lanyard that can be used to ‘save’ the camera should it fall off of a mounting system.

IMG_7191

I’ll dive into the mounts in a moment, so hang tight there.  As for the camera itself, the small unit features two buttons – one larger button on top to start/stop recordings, and one smaller button slightly forward of the larger button that triggers changing of modes and enabling features.

IMG_7209

All of this is explained in the plethora of papers that accompany the unit.  Unfortunately, Shimano seems to have taken a book from other bike component parts with massive fold-out papers that feature lots of warning text and little useful information.

IMG_7208

There is however a card with some color on it – this card is one that you’ll need to hold onto.  Do not lose it.  It’s your road map for operating the labyrinth of colors and buttons that control the unit.  Realistically you should memorize it, but failing that I’d suggest zip-tying it to your handlebars.  Duct taping it to the top of your helmet is also fully acceptable.  Forsake aero for functionality, do not leave home without it…you’ll thank me later.

IMG_7217

With everything unpacked, let’s dive into how big the CM-1000 is.

Size Comparisons:

DSC_2704

Size in an action camera is important – after all, you don’t want to be lugging around something large, or something that gets in the way.  Size also impacts mounting options, both where you can mount it and how you can mount it.  In the case of the Shimano CM-1000, it’s actually very small.  It’s just a itty-bitty bit larger than the GoPro Hero3+.  But it’s certainly the smallest camera that’s fully waterproofed (which the GoPro requires an external case for).

DSC_2708

The VIRB is no doubt the largest camera out there, though, it does have more functionality in terms of things like GPS and a removable battery (which the Shimano unit lacks).  The Sony HDR-AS-100V sits in the middle size-wise, as well as functionality wise in terms of having GPS but lacking sensor support. Still, size does matter when looking at the two extremes:

DSC_2709

DSC_2711

From a weight perspective, they weigh in at:

Garmin VIRB Elite: 180g
GoPro Hero3+ Black: 73g
Shimano CM-1000: 86g
Sony HDR-AS100V: 67g

Each of these were weighed as a base unit.  It’s a bit tricky because there’s always some form of mounting required that will increase weight.  But since those mounts vary based on what type of mount and what person (i.e. helmet, bike, etc…), I’ve left them off for now.

Getting it mounted:

IMG_7195

When it comes to mounting, Shimano has currently left us in a bit of a gap.  The unit comes with a helmet mount (seen above) that allows you to strap that to your head and then the camera to the mount.

But that’s basically all Shimano has today.  It doesn’t yet have any other mounts for your bike, and otherwise only has a chest and hat mount

The problem with helmet mounts is that nobody actually uses them in road cycling.  It’s simply a sucky place to put an action camera.  For mountain biking and other sports it makes more sense, but in road cycling you tend to want a much more stable platform to get better video (and your head is not that platform).  Don’t get me wrong, there’s an occasional situation where a helmet-mounted camera video works outs – but in general the footage is rough.

There is a bit of good news here though.  It starts with the fact that Shimano went with a GoPro mount.  Or said differently, Shimano apparently has beach balls made of steel – willing to just blatantly copy the design.  Which, to be fair, I’m totally down with in this case.

IMG_7227

See, most companies will make a GoPro ‘adapter’, which means that you can mount their action camera to a GoPro mount using a small adapter.  But said adapter isn’t the primary mounting method.  Garmin takes that route for example.

In the case of Shimano – this is the primary mounting method.  Now I’d expect that they could technically argue in court that the camera itself has a slightly different mounting plate to the main mounting adapter.  But it’s all semantics.  But that’s OK, I’m happy to ignore that.

Why’s that?

Because it means the world is my oyster mount-wise.  In fact, in my large arsenal of action cameras, it’s always the wonky-ass and craptastic mounts of other companies that put me off so much.  So in this case, I can just use any GoPro mount, of which there are hundreds.

DSC_2724

For road cycling (or really, any bike mount scenario), my favorites are the K-Edge ones.  They are slightly pricey, but they give rock-solid video results.  If you look at some of the Pro Teams in the TdF using mounts, they’re generally using K-Edge ones as well.  It also helps that I can buy them at the store behind my house (I’m lazy like that).

DSC_2716

In the case of the Shimano action camera, it’ll directly attach to any of the GoPro K-Edge mounts, or indirectly mount to any tripod mount (aka ‘universal’ mount) as long as you have the cheap $9 GoPro Tripod mount adapter.  I always have a few of those around because I never know what I’ll want to mount it to (like this cheap little tripod I use while travelling):

DSC_2830

So in my case, I’ve mounted it using the above mounts to two places on the bike. First up is a forward mount under the handlebars.

DSC_2721

Most people go under the bars because it makes the camera less obvious and less unsightly:

DSC_2740

The second spot is on a rear mount under the seat post facing backwards:

DSC_2799

The one thing you’ll notice here is that the Shimano unit really does a much better job blending in than other action cams.  I suspect it’s because it sorta looks like a rear/front light, so you don’t quite notice it as much.

DSC_2796

With everything mounted, let’s get onto finally using it.

Usage:

Now that you’ve got it all mounted up it’s time to use it.  To power it on simply press the smaller button briefly, which powers the unit on.

From here you can press the same button further times to iterate through different modes.  These modes are all documented on the card that ‘ye shall not lose’.

IMG_7217

Oh, and don’t forget the back of the card, as that has more critical information.

IMG_7218

And this is where my really singular problem with the unit comes in: It’s confusing as heck.

See, Shimano opted for only two lights on the unit.  All status information comes from those two lights.  You have to effectively memorize the entire combination of these two lights in order to understand what’s going on.  And while you may think you know what the current battery and SD card state is – that doesn’t actually tell you what mode you’re in by just glancing at it.

For example, you could be in still photo mode, or ultra high speed photography mode.  You wouldn’t know – and that’s on a good day standing there in a green grassy park on a nice sunny afternoon.  Try that on a miserably cold and rainy winter day roadside leaning over your bike.

Which, brings me to the second issue (ok, I guess I have two significant issues): It’s not easy to tell if the unit is currently recording.  While the unit will blink the second light (and a specific audible chirp), that light is only in a single place on the top of the unit.  Since most bike positions will have the unit upside-down it’s not something you can quickly glance at.  And, since it’s a small light that alternates slowly like a lighthouse, it’s easy to miss.  So you find yourself doing this a lot:

20140721_195814000_iOS

I should mention that to start recording you’ll simply press the big recording button – which is easy to find:

DSC_2728

Alternatively, you can trigger the unit from the app – but I’ll cover that in a few sections.

As part of the modes you can set it to, you can also capture still photos from the unit.  There are two options here.  The first will capture a single still photo at the point in time that you specify.  Whereas the second will go into an interval mode, which captures photos at a preset timeframe – including: 10s, 20s, 30s, and 60-second modes.

Now, the Shimano is unique in that unlike the GoPro it’s fully waterproofed (according to the manual) to a “JIS waterproof grade 8 (IPX8)” that  can be used at “depths of up to 10 m (approx 30ft) for up to 2 hours”.  That’s far better than many of the other action cams that are lightly waterproofed.  The GoPro is not waterproofed without the plastic case that it comes with.

Interestingly, the manual does state however that the CM-1000 is only waterproof “against seawater and fresh water”, which gives me slight pause if that’s attempting to exclude chlorinated pool water, or if that just means not do dunk it in a stein of beer.  Hopefully I can get Shimano to clarify there.

Shimano rather nicely does include a separate underwater lens with the unit.

IMG_7193

The purpose of this lens is not to increase waterproofing, but rather to simply ensure that the unit can focus underwater.  Like most action cameras, without this lens the unit will constantly be out of focus underwater.  It’s the reason why all the action camera dive cases have flat lenses and not curved lenses.

IMG_7220

To install it you’ll simply twist off the old lens and twist this one in place.  It only takes about two seconds.

Next, we’ve got what is my favorite feature to date: Angle Free.

This feature means the camera will automatically rotate the image in the unit itself based on how you’ve mounted it.  For example, if you’ve mounted it upside-down the unit will automatically rotate to compensate for that.  If you’ve mounted it at a 90° angle, the unit will flip to that too.  Below you can see how I have the unit at 90°, but the video is straight.

DSC_2769

This prevents you from recording an entire video upside-down and not realizing it.  Of course, you can turn this off if you want to – in the event you’re doing backflips on your mountain bike.  I’d suggest however if you’re doing backflips on your road bike…you’re probably in a bad spot.

To see this in action, I’ve put together this short little clip:

With that we’ve covered all the features to date that can be controlled natively from the unit itself.  Now let’s dive into the sensors as well as the mobile phone driven functionality.

ANT+ Sensor Pairing:

DSC_2754

The Shimano Action cams becomes the second camera on the market (behind the Garmin VIRB) to include ANT+ sensor integration.  This means that you can get details like power, heart rate and cadence from compatible ANT+ sensors.  This information can then be displayed on the screen down the road once Shimano releases their desktop editing software.

To pair sensors you’ll need either the iPhone or Android app.  This app will connect via WiFi to your camera.  Once that does that you can then dive into the settings menu and then the ANT sensors menu to start pairing:

DSC_2749

Here you’ll iterate through each of the supported sensor types to toggle it on/off and initiate pairing.

DSC_2751

When it finds a sensor it’ll save the sensor device ID and display it next to it:

20140721_155401000_iOS 20140721_175033000_iOS

The unit also supports gathering Shimano Di2 shifting information if you have the ANT adapter for it, the SM-EWW01:

IMG_3782

This little adapter will transmit information on ANT (technically not ANT+, as that’s public, and this is private to Shimano).  It’s the same adapter that also works with the Garmin Edge 1000 as well as the Mio Cyclo 505HC.  However, despite the adapter, and despite numerous and repeated attempts, the current firmware as of July 22nd won’t seem to pair to my Di2 system (my Edge unit pairs just fine).

20140721_155455000_iOS 20140721_175127000_iOS

Hopefully that’s a temporary bug.

As for compatibility of sensor types, here’s what’s supported:

ANT+ Heart Rate Strap
ANT+ Speed-Only Sensor
ANT+ Cadence-Only Sensor
ANT+ Speed & Cadence Combo Sensor
ANT+ Power Meter
Shimano ANT Di2 with the SM-EWW01

Note: It does NOT support any Bluetooth Smart sensors, nor Polar WIND sensors, nor anything else not ANT+.

As you can see below in a moment however, there are some quirks – for example it doesn’t pull cadence from the power meter (which virtually all devices do), so you’ll need to have a separate cadence sensor to get cadence.

When it comes to recording this data, Shimano has gone with a simplified route.  For each and every video it produces a simple accompanying CSV file that lists the timestamp in 1-second increments along with the data from each sensor type:

image

So if you have a 5 minute video, you’ll have an accompanying CSV file for that five minute video.  Each time you start recording you’ll get a new CSV file.

image

This system has pros and cons to it.  For example, in the Garmin VIRB’s case you actually get two files – one for the entire ride and one for each video.  Further, in that case those files are .GPX and .FIT files, which means that can actually be uploaded easily to sites like Strava and others.  Meanwhile with Shimano it’s a bit more ‘open’, even if that openness doesn’t easily translate to secondary uses with sports files.  It does however give you more flexibility though with 3rd party apps like Dashware, which can easily consume .CSV files.  My understanding is at present Dashware does have a version of their software that’s compatible with the Shimano Action Cam, available upon request.

Finally, for those curious from a development perspective, I’ve placed a few quick sample files and super-short raw/original video clips here in a zip file (for just viewing some clips see later section below).

The Phone App:

DSC_2746

The CM-1000 includes connectivity to be controlled by a mobile phone app, which is available on both iOS and Android.  This app uses WiFi to connect to the camera.  To control the camera you’ll hold down the small button for a few seconds until both lights blink, which indicates WiFi is enabled.  From there you can join the WiFi network from your phone:

20140721_155137000_iOS 20140721_155246000_iOS

Note that you can tweak the WiFi network name and password as described on Shimano’s site.

Once in the app you’ll see you have three options: Liveview, File List and Settings.

20140721_185657000_iOS

We’ll start with Live View, which allows you to control the camera, specifically, to start and stop the camera and view pairing information.  The delay is very impressive, roughly 1-second at most:

DSC_2761

Below you can see the recording button, as well as the ability to quickly set Angle Free to enabled or disabled.  Finally, there’s the option to toggle between the two field of views; wide (135°) and super-wide (180°).  Below is wide:

20140721_191352000_iOS

And here’s super-wide, which you can see now includes the hoods:

20140721_191356000_iOS

You’ll also note that at the top it’ll show recording time left on the SD card and battery state, as well as whether it’s connected to various ANT+ sensors at that point in time.  I have noticed it seems a bit finicky when it comes to sustaining ANT+ sensor connectivity, but that may just be a transient fluke – it’s something I’ll be looking more closely at later on in my in-depth review.

Next, if we go back to the main menu we can change to ‘File List’, which allows you to list all files on the unit.  This includes both photos and videos:

20140721_195732000_iOS

From here you can playback these files as well as save them to your phone.  The transfer is a bit slow, so it does take a fair bit of time to save even the smallest clip.  For example, this 20 second clip took just under a minute to transfer.  Nonetheless, it beats units like the VIRB which can’t transfer at all.

20140721_195828000_iOS

For the last mode we’ll dive into settings, which is where you can tweak everything on the camera.

20140721_175017000_iOS 20140722_221149000_iOS

These changes are made instantly to the unit, and thus applicable immediately.  Within the ‘Pairing Sensor Setting’ option, it simply takes you to the ANT+ sensor pairing area that I described in the previous section.  Otherwise, what you see above is the full slew of settings available in the app today.

The Desktop App:

IMG_7215

As of this writing the desktop app has yet to be released.  The desktop app is critical though because it’s the piece of software that allows you to overlay gauges and other metrics from your ride.  These metrics are the primary reason why you’d actually buy the Shimano Action Cam over other competitors.  Without these gauges then there’s honestly very little reason to buy this over a GoPro (actually, there’s a lot of reasons why you shouldn’t).  Thus, it comes as a bit of a surprise that this has to wait.  It’ll be interesting to see how the desktop software looks upon release, and then what type of release/update cycle they get into.

In particular, it’ll be interesting to compare it to the Garmin VIRB Edit suite, which will compete with it from a gauges/overlay standpoint.  In the case of Garmin, they’ve been releasing updates no fewer than every four weeks or so, including a major update recently and another major update planned shortly.  They’ve actually added an incredible amount of functionality since last winter when I initially reviewed it.  Thus it’ll be important for Shimano to have sustained development on it to remain competitive.

And finally, for those curious – no, the VIRB Edit suite won’t work with the Shimano action cam (I tried).  It doesn’t read the video files produced by the action cam unfortunately.  Nor can it read the native .CSV files produced by the action cam.  One could however convert the video files using a 3rd party converter, as well as then use a .FIT file from a Garmin device though and merge that.  But that’s an awful lot of work.

Some Sample Video:

Given this is an action camera, it sorta makes sense to actually show you some videos (and photos).  Right now that means ‘plain’ videos without any fancy graphic overlays – because Shimano hasn’t released that desktop software yet to create those.  But as part of my final review I’ll include many videos with that data, as well as dual videos with a GoPro and/or Garmin VIRB alongside things.

Video #1: A short ride around Paris: In this video I’ve mixed clips from a front and rear mounted camera to show the different views.  In this case these were taken about an hour before sunset.  It’s about 10 minutes long so feel free to just jump around. The first half is front facing, and second half rear-facing.

I’ll be adding more videos in the coming days as I use it more – so keep checking back.

Again, as part of my final in-depth review I’ll have a much more detailed look at videos and probably somehow make them slightly more exciting.

Tidbits That Didn’t Fit:

IMG_7225

Here’s a small smattering of things that didn’t quite fit elsewhere in the post but I thought were worthwhile noting somewhere.  Thus, they go here:

The Max MicroSD card size is 32GB: This is kinda a big deal in a unit that lacks a remote control so you might otherwise just leave it running constantly while on a ride.  It’s surprising they don’t support 64GB MicroSD cards, though perhaps it’s not a hardware limitation and could be supported down the road.

You are unable to delete files from card when plugged into computer: Also in the ‘annoying camp’ is that the Shimano unit will write-protect the files on the card when plugged into a computer via USB. This means you can’t delete files off of it when you run out of space, unless you take the card out of the camera and place it separately in the computer.

The mounting bracket isn’t a perfect fit: There’s a itty bitty bit of ‘play’ in between the mounting bracket and the camera. A fraction of a millimeter.  But in the action camera world it’s this little bit of give/play that gives you vibrations and crappy video.  There isn’t a way to lock this down, since it’s on the sliding part.

- I was unable to pair Shimano Di2: Despite my Edge 1000 easily pairing to my Di2 system via the Shimano SM-EWW01, the action camera would not.  I tried on multiple attempts on different days and multiple times per day.  No love.  I suspect this is a temporary bug.

- WiFi is finicky: The unit will immediately drop the WiFi connection as soon as you lose focus on the app (so if you temporarily turn off the screen, or switch to another app).  This is sorta annoying because you then have to re-connect to WiFi manually.  It appears as soon as the app loses focus it sends a note to the unit to turn off WiFi remotely, which in turn disconnects everything.  While I get the idea to potentially save battery, I want that to my my choice, not that of the of Shimano’s.

- Lack of zoom mode: One challenge is that while the wide-angle settings are great, there isn’t a zoom option.  Zoom options can be useful when you’re trying to get ‘beyond’ an obstruction, such as the front of your wheel or the windowsill on an airplane.  Most action cameras include such a mode, whereas the Shimano does not.

The good news is that all of these except the the mount should be easily fixed in firmware and app updates.

Comparison Chart:

As usual, here’s the comparison chart looking at the features between the cameras.  I’ve selected the GoPro Hero3+ Black, the Garmin VIRB Elite, and the Shimano CM-1000 camera as the ones people are most likely to compare.  But you can dive into the full action camera product comparison database to mix and match units as you see fit.

Function/FeatureShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Copyright DC Rainmaker - Updated October 21st, 2014 @ 6:43 amNew Window
Price$299$299$399
AvailabilityJuly 2014GlobalDiscontinued
WiFi BuiltinYesYesYes
BluetoothNoNoNo
Recording LightYes (small)YesYes
GPS builtinNoYesNo
Altimeter builtinNoYes - BarometricNo
Water Resistant10mIPX7 (1 meter for 30 mins), separate 50m dive case available40m with included case
AccellerometerNoYesNo
Video Preview ScreenNoBuiltinAccessory
BatteryShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Recharges viaMicro-USBMini-USBMini-USB
Removable batteryNoYes / 2000 mAhYes / 1180 mAh
Recording Time2 Hours3 hours2 hours
Secondary attached batteryNoNoAccessory
StorageShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Storage Card TypeMicroSD CardMicroSD CardMicroSD Card
Maximum Card Size32 GB64 GB64 GB
VideoShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Records 360* VideoNoNoNo
4KNoNo12/12.5/15 fps
2.7KNoNo24/25/30 fps
1440pNoNo24/25/30/48 fps
1080p30 fps30 fps24/25/30/48/50/60 fps
960pNo30/60 fps48/100 fps
720p120 fps30/60 fps48/50/60/100/120 fps
WVGA240 fps60/120 fps240 fps
Automatic Image RotationYesNoNo
Looping RecordingsTBDYesYes
Timelapse Mode (constructs timelapse video)NoYesNo (requires desktop software)
AudioShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Internal MicrophoneYesYesYes
PhotoShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Megapixels6MP (2848*2136)Up to 16 MP (4664*3496)12MP
Timelapse Mode (photos on interval)10s, 20s, 30s, 60s2,5,10,30,60s0.5,1,2,5,10,30,60s
Burst ModeNoUp to 6 photos/secondUp to 30 photos/second
Continuous Shooting ModeNoNoYes
Concurrent w/video modeNoYesYes
Records 360* PhotoNoNoNo
SportsShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Skiing ModeNoYesNo
Control from sport computerNoYesNo
ANT+ ConnectivityYesYesNo
ANT+ Profile TypesHeart Rate, Speed, Cadence, Power, Di2 ShiftingHeart Rate, Speed, Cadence, Temperature, PowerN/A
Overlays sport data on recordingAugust 2014Yes, via included PC appsNo
PhoneShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
App platforms availableiOS/AndroidiOS, AndroidiOS/Andoid
Use as remote controlYesYesYes
Stream live video previewYesYesYes
Record video from cameraYesNoYes
SoftwareShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
App for computerAugust 2014VIRB EditCineForm/ProTune/GoPro Studio
AccessoryShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Remote control button/keyNoYes - January 2014Yes
Diving caseNoYes, up to 50mIncluded
Mount TypesShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Head StrapYesYesYes
Helmet StrapYesYesYes
Handlebar/SeatpostNoYesYes
TripodNoYesYes
Suction CupNoYesYes
Chest HarnessNoYesYes
Wrist Strap/HousingNoYesYes
Roll BarNoYesYes
SurfboardNoYesYes
Curved AdhesiveNoYesYes
Flat AdhesiveNoYesYes
Adjustable Mounting ArmsNoYesYes
Device ConnectionsShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Micro-HDMINoYesYes
USB Connector TypeMicro-USBMini-USBMini-USB
Audio 3.5mm Stereo MicNoAdapter availableAdapter available
PurchaseShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Amazon LinkLinkLinkLink
Clever Training Link (Save 10% with DCR10JKW)LinkLinkLink
DCRainmakerShimano CM-1000Garmin VIRB (Elite)GoPro Hero3+ Black
Review LinkLinkLink

Next, here’s all the accessories that are compatible with the Shimano Action Cam, from a variety of companies (since Shimano has yet to produce any of their own yet).  Most of these are from GoPro, because those are the ones that are natively compatible:

AccessoryManufacturerStreet PriceAmazon LinkClever Training Link (Save 10% with DCR10JKW)More Info
Copyright DC Rainmaker - Updated July 23rd, 2014 @ 1:50 am
GoPole 26" Transparent extension pole for GoProGoPole$40LinkLinkN/A
GoPole Compact Hand Grip for GoProGoPole$23LinkLinkN/A
GoPole Floating Hand Grip For GoProGoPole$30LinkLinkN/A
GoPole Telescoping Extension Pole for GoPro (17"-40")GoPole$55LinkLinkN/A
GoPole Weather Resistant Softcase for GoPro CamerasGoPole$27LinkLinkN/A
GoPole Helmet ExtensionGoPole Helmet Extension$20LinkLinkN/A
GoPro 3-Way Grip/Arm/TripodGoPro$69LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Grab Bag of MountsGoPro$11LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Handlebar/Seatpost/Pole MountGoPro$8LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Head Strap Mount + QuickClipGoPro$20LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Jaws Flex Clamp MountGoPro$36LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Jaws Flex Gooseneck OnlyGoPro$20LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Roll Bar MountGoPro$16LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Side MountGoPro$7LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Suction Cup MountGoPro$26LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Surf MountsGoPro$11LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Tripod MountGoPro$10LinkLinkN/A
GoPro Vented Helmet Strap MountGoPro$7LinkLinkN/A
K-Edge Action Cam MountsK-EdgeVariesLinkLinkLink
Shimano SM-EWW01 Wireless Unit for Di2Shimano$79N/ALinkN/A

Note that these charts do dynamically change over time with new accessories and/or features as cameras get updated.

Summary:

DSC_2827

At first glance the Shimano action cam is a pretty interesting little creature.  Its size is incredibly appealing, as is the inherent waterproofing.  And finally the ANT+ sensor support has the potential to be a great addition allowing one to produce cool videos – especially in the cycling realm.

But that’s the current catch – there’s a lot of ‘potential’ right now.  It will potentially have cool software released to make that sensor support come to life.  They potentially could actually have mounts (both known and unknown) down the road.  And they could potentially resolve many of the little software quirks/bugs.  But it’s all speculative, and Shimano doesn’t exactly have any history in this segment to go on here to base guesses.  So we don’t know if the software will be great or horrible, and we don’t know if the bugs will get worked out.

Thus, we’re left in a bit of a pickle.  On one hand it’s a compelling unit, but on the other hand it’s basically lacking the components needed to justify why you’d buy it over the competition.  Shimano says those components are coming later this summer – which is a core reason why I’m waiting for them for my full in-depth review.  If they can deliver on those in a quality manner, then the CM-1000 will definitely be a solid contender come this fall.

So in the meantime I’d recommend either looking at the current offerings on the market and basing your purchasing decisions based on what’s there today (if you need a camera today), or waiting till the end of summer if you don’t need a camera immediately to see how things shake out.

Found this preview useful? Or just wanna save a bundle of cash? Here’s how:

Hopefully you found this review useful. At the end of the day, I’m an athlete just like you looking for the most detail possible on a new purchase – so my review is written from the standpoint of how I used the device. The reviews generally take a lot of hours to put together, so it’s a fair bit of work (and labor of love). As you probably noticed by looking below, I also take time to answer all the questions posted in the comments – and there’s quite a bit of detail in there as well.

I’ve partnered with Clever Training to offer all DC Rainmaker readers an exclusive 10% discount across the board on all products (except clearance items). You can pickup the Shimano Action Cam below. Then receive 10% off of everything in your cart by adding code DCR10JKW at checkout. By doing so, you not only support the site (and all the work I do here) – but you also get a sweet discount. And, since this item is more than $75, you get free US shipping as well.

Shimano CM-1000 Action Camera

Additionally, you can also use Amazon to purchase the action cam or accessories (though, no discount). Or, anything else you pickup on Amazon helps support the site as well (socks, laundry detergent, cowbells). If you’re outside the US, I’ve got links to all of the major individual country Amazon stores on the sidebar towards the top.

Thanks for reading! And as always, feel free to post comments or questions in the comments section below, I’ll be happy to try and answer them as quickly as possible.

Retweet 26 Like 217 Google +1 10

81 Comments

  1. Mr Nofish

    The Shimano SM-Eww01 unit indeed wins hands down the prize for the best named piece of cycling hardware!

    Re: the actual review I found it a little surprising to read that you don't believe helmet placement is the ideal spot for an action cam in road cycling: I usually watch footage from roadies using handlebar mounted cams and I always feel like it's too restrictive, you never actually see what the person is staring at, just the general direction the handlebars are heading, and too exposed to road buzz and shakes. Other than that it's a neat little piece of hardware, looking forward to your final review.

    PS: I'd say it's more like 1 to 4 when it come to front to rear split, but it's nice seeing some french avenues nonetheless.

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      I think helmet video can be incorporated correctly, but I find that most don't do so and it ends up being more bobble-head than interesting video. Also, it depends if you're looking at re-use of the video for some form of trainer type program/workout/winter riding (long form video), or if they're just quick snippets.

      Reply
    • TomH replied

      Helmet mounted camera during a road race seems dangerous. if you were to crash, helmet function & head protection might be compromised.

      Reply
  2. Steve G

    Nevermind the camera... I can see a Pioneer power meter in one of those photos!
    You sly dog!

    Reply
  3. David Lusty

    How long does the battery take to recharge, and is there a way to power it via USB or something while on the move? A non-replaceable battery kills a lot of use cases so hopefully there's an alternative coming down the road as the "2 hour" of the GoPro has always been a bit tight for me.

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      It's very slow to recharge. They list 4 hours, and that seems about right. The trick is there's no easy way to figure out how charged a device is while your charging it (short of disconnecting it, enabling WiFi, then connecting to it, then looking at the battery state).

      Reply
    • tim replied

      Replacability of the battery is a major feature for me. I have a sony action cam and was able to buy 2 additional batteries plus a charger for $20. Each battery lasts a solid 2 hours at 1080 30fps, so when I go on long rides or a weekend away from home I pack extra batteries. Would be very frustrated to have a dead camera bolted to the bars all day.

      Reply
  4. Bryce

    One of the things I like while reading your posts is finding the little euphemisms that color your description. For example "beach balls made of steel" takes a well known and used saying and adds one word (beach) to make the reader think more about the size of said balls. By comparison, this larger beach ball size then eccentuates the audacity of the possessor. Well played Ray, well played. Do you speak like this too, or do these little gems just come to you while writing?

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      For better or worse, yup, I tend to speak like that. Much more fun with corporate executives...

      Reply
    • Bryce replied

      i.e using some euphemisms with certain executives may require your own set of metallic beach balls.

      Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      Go big or go home...

      Reply
  5. Jerc

    Any chance that we will see some mountain bike sample videos in the indepth review?

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      I'm going to be in Salt Lake City in two weeks for Outdoor Retailer, which I hear has some mountain biking. If so, and if I can get a mountain bike with a friend, I'll definitely include some footage there.

      Reply
    • Taylor Drage replied

      Make sure to hit up Crest trail, its one of our finest! Shoot for an even day so you can drop down into the Millcreek Canyon side. I'll even arrange for a drop off for letting me read (its an easy ride back downtown). email if interested.

      Reply
  6. lissy phetiam

    Rey, did you say that this camera does not offer replaceable battery?

    What do you think of this Shimano VS one of the new Sony Action Cam that has built in GPS?

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      Correct, not replaceable. In general, when companies do that they're trying to minimize size. Adding a user replaceable battery to any device typically increases size due to having to create additional battery compartment structures inside.

      As for the Sony Action Cam, it comes down a bit to whether or not you value sensor support - which the action cam lacks, though it has GPS instead. The Sony software isn't bad, and actually is pretty interesting. My only complaint with the Sony cam is that it's a bit awkward from a mounting standpoint. No less awkward than the Garmin, though I feel like the display on the VIRB sorta 'makes up' for it.

      Reply
  7. Frank Z

    Seems like a great little unit. I like the size and weight and mount compatibility as well as the position of the lens on the unit. I have seen the race footage and find it a little disappointing. Audio is good but video is poor quality. Like there's too much compression or something. I think they could offer a better 720 option at 30fps

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      Yeah, though do be ware YouTube does some compression. For those curious I did include two RAW/Original clips in the .ZIP file if you're curious on native quality.

      Reply
  8. Jon Niehof

    32GB is the maximum size for SDHC (high capacity); 64GB cards are a different standard, SDXC. Among other things that requires an exFAT filesystem and a corresponding royalty payment to Microsoft.

    Reply
    • Drew replied

      An aside to this, due to SDHC using FAT32, there is a 4GB file size limit. That means that long recordings will get split into multiple files, even at 720p.

      I have used some other cameras with this limitation with Virb Edit to map video to my GPS data from my Edge 500, and trying to stitch together multiple videos to the GPS track is a royal PITA. I had to resort to using iMovie to stitch together the MOV files from the camera and then convert to mp4. This for me is a deal breaker.

      At this point, I only look for 64GB SDXC support in a camera as I have found it much easier to mount my old iPhone 4 to my bike and use it for recorded video (bonus, the ProCam App when set to 720p records as mp4, so no conversion necessary).

      Reply
  9. Justin Stevenson

    The Pioneer power meter got my attention too. Been waiting for the new updated version but does not seem to be available.

    Reply
  10. flarunner

    Watched the whole video. Thanks for the tour of Paris. The traffic seems a bit "unstructured". Oh, and the backwards view reminded me of my parents station wagon.

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      It's a bit unstructured, but once you get the hang of it it's easy to ride in.

      Reply
  11. hollyoak

    Thanks for the preview. Doesn't seem like you can stream the videos using the iPhone app. That's really annoying and one of the reasons I didn't keep the Sony AS30. On the other hand, the tiny EyeCam I recently got for €30 does exactly that!

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      You can stream the recorded videos without downloading. Works really well.

      Reply
  12. Mark

    When's a review of the Sony cam coming? It's got a decent phone app too.

    As Jon said, 32GB is the limit of microSDHC, to get 64-128GB, that's a SDXC.

    Does Shimano do an android app or is this going to be an iOS only deal?

    Reply
    • Ben replied

      Shimano has both Android and iOS apps; you can find the android app here: link to play.google.com

      Reply
    • tim replied

      I was also waiting for a Sony review but jumped ahead and bought one when they recently went on sale. No regrets and really appreciate that I can swap batteries and continue to use the camera while the other battery is at home charging (much faster charging the battery rather than plugging the cam into the computer to charge the battery). link to vimeo.com

      Reply
  13. Adam

    will it charge without turning off e.g. if you've got a generator hub?

    Reply
  14. Myria

    When I was looking at action cams my second choice was the Ion Air Pro 2/3 Wi-Fi, which is waterproof to 10/15 (depending on which model) meters out of the box and does auto-rotate (albeit, if I remember correctly, only prior to the start of recording and not during). While I really like the Ion Air form factor, I ended up deciding against it in part because of the lack of replaceable battery -- a biggie, to be honest -- and not much in the way of on-board information to let you know what the world the thing is doing.

    At least the Ion Air line has vibration, though, which I think puts it one up on this Shimano. Granted, the Shimano has Ant+, but if that's important to you (and it was to me, which is why I ended up with a Virb Elite), I just don't see why you wouldn't go with the Virb Elite given the feature difference and cost ($299 for a Virb Elite on Amazon, I think that's about what Garmin is selling them for directly right now).

    Different strokes, I suppose, but I guess I don't really see where this unit fits unless the real-world price turns out to be way lower or their software manages to bring something completely unheard of to the table. As is, it doesn't seem like it really is competitive against either the Virb or GoPro lines, depending on what feature set is most important to you, or even something like the Ion Air line.

    Reply
  15. Maxbre

    Ciao Ray,
    I see it is really dangerous to bike in the streets of Paris! Do you use a bike-bell or something to signal your presence?
    Take care!

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      It's actually quite safe. I'd argue probably one of the safest cities in the world to bike in - drivers will generally avoid you quite a bit.

      Reply
    • David George replied

      Cities are generally fairly safe to ride in if you can do 30kph and sprint at 50kph as you can keep up with the traffic. DC probably has no problems here.

      Problems with Paris: lots of diesel cars so the roads are greasy, especially after first rain and the air quality sucks at times. Cobbles, lots of them, some covered in tar, some exposed, some long roads of cobbles like the Champs. They are very very slippy when it rains. Of course, the dreaded Priorité à droite which means you can get idiots heading out from side roads at high speed (the rule is they only have priority into the nearmost lane and have to proceed with care). The other thing to watch for are U-turning drivers who never look - if you are heading down the outside. I saw at least 6 scooterists killed this way when I lived in Paris. Normally cyclists are riding on the right down the bus lanes so this is less of an issue.

      I don't know how other cities compare mind. I've only ridden in London and Munich and Munich has/had a dangerous cycle lane network which caused problems.

      Reply
  16. Paul S

    A correction for your table: the VIRB Elite (at least) has a timelapse photo mode ("Self Timer") with 2, 5, 10, 30, and 60 s intervals. Useful because still photos are taken at 4608x3456 when video isn't being recorded, while time lapse video is only 1920x1080. I'm planning on using this mode a lot in October for fall photography.

    Also, Garmin sells a dive case for the VIRB that I think claims 50 m.

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      Thanks, tweaked on the photo modes.

      On the dive case I had that listed separately in an accessory table, but I can see how in this view that wouldn't be seen. So I added a note above. Good call.

      Reply
  17. Ray, for those of us with action cams that don't use a GoPro mount (ie Sony), what's the best tripod to Garmin adapter to use, so we can still use the K-Edge mounts?

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      Sony actually works natively with some of the K-Edge mount. :) They built one just for them upon launch last year.

      Reply
    • David replied

      Oh wow thanks Ray!

      Reply
  18. Stephane

    Hi,
    Despite the Garmin Virb edit software, is they any other software that we can use to mix video and .fit data?
    I want to create spinning class but had hard time with export from virb edit.

    Thx,
    Stephane

    Reply
  19. jogo

    Hi Ray
    Do you know what the wifi range is as compared to the GoPro.
    I'd like something that I can use to shoot when I'm a distance away from the actual camera.

    thanks

    Reply
  20. Jamie

    HI DC,

    I am considering buying a cam to use around London when commuting. A lot of the people I notice with cams have them head mounted (GoPro’s), the footage is normally good in that a lot of the number plates of cars can be read. I looked at your video and noticed I could read any of the number plates of the cars. When you do some further testing it would be good to see some helmet footage to see if we can read the number plates, both in good conditions and rain.

    Happy to test the camera round London for your if you want me to? :o)

    I think I will wait to see when the new GoPro is released and see what happens there, any ideas when the new one will be out?

    Thanks

    Jamie

    Reply
    • David George replied

      Isn't a Go Pro overkill for this? You would probably do as well to get a cheap SJ4000.

      Reply
  21. You forgot in the comparison chart one of the important functions of every video cam and most important for action cams on a bike: anti-shaking!
    Records of action cams without this function are making seasick when used on a bicycle.

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      The challenge is all action cams include this type of functionality. Some do it via software, some via hardware. It's a quest of how well they do it though. And that's where it gets somewhat subjective.

      Reply
    • Henry replied

      Sorry, but you are not right! Unfortunately only some cams are using this feature and there are still great differences in quality. Have a look on the Virb and the Sony AS100!
      You have a cam with anti-shaking or not (Sony ASxxx f.e. offers this function, a Gopro or this Shimano cam doesn't).
      The difference of the footages is enourmos and can't be changed in postprocessing without loosing quality.
      If the roumors are true, the new gopro4 will have anti-shaking, which none of the predecessor had. Thats for you no difference?
      regards
      Henry

      Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      Again, it depends on how it's achieved. Different cameras do it different ways, which can have unintended consequences depending on how it's implemented. For example, it can cut out the edge of the image, or potentially produce off effects. Also, it will usually zoom in on the image (such as on Virb).

      Reply
    • Ben replied

      I just want to mention that you do lose some quality when enabling image stabilization, even when it's being done in camera due to the processing. In fact, adding in image stabilization during post processing rather than in camera can result in a higher quality video, because a computer does not have the time or power limitations that a camera does.

      Reply
    • Ben replied

      Whoops, somehow replied to the wrong comment. it was meant for Henry above.

      Reply
  22. H M

    RE: The play in the sliding mount/connector

    I had some (fairly cheap) lights with the same problem - made an annoying noise on rough-ish road surfaces (obviously not such a big problem for lights)

    I solved this by adding a single (small) piece of black insulating (PVC/electrical) tape,
    a single small piece of black tape on the camera (over the FCC sign) away from the clipping part (literally from the CE to the bin - in you tidbits picture) should solve the play without effecting the ability of the clip to work (maybe two layers if there is LOTS of play)

    Let me know if this solves the problem for you

    Reply
  23. Titan

    I'm sure GoPro doesn't mind them "stealing" their mounting system one bit considering that those mounts have an enormous profit margin for the company.

    Reply
  24. TomH

    If the memory card gets full during a ride, what happens?
    Does it :
    1) stop recording, or
    2) writes over the earlier video ?

    2 hr recording time seems limited by the camera's battery life, according to Shimano's specs @
    link to shimano-sportcamera.com
    That seems a bother, especially since the battery is not exchangeable for a fresh battery (not that you could do that during a longer race, anyway ).
    I guess that's the tradeoff with having a very compact & lightweight camera.

    Reply
  25. Justin

    Hi Ray, thanks so much for this! I bought one from the clevertraining site using your discount. I will be traveling in the next few months with my bike and figure this is perfect for recording my rides.

    Reply
  26. Allan Saito

    How about these 3 in low light conditions? I have a Hero 2 and it is terrible if i'm not in a very bright sunny day.
    Thanks

    Reply
  27. Anthony Edwards

    Hi Ray
    Your first impressions of the CM 1000 are spot on. I have had the device for about three or four weeks. I imported it from Germany to the UK without any difficulty – one of the benefits of being member states of the EU. I brought it because I concluded that my Virb Elite belonged more on my MTB than on my road bike. The camera itself is indeed small and difficult to navigate around the menu unless you carry the prompt card around or stop and use the App on a Smart Phone – which is a real pain. The battery question is annoying as well. Without an addition source of juice you are limited to about an hours worth of recording. If you are riding towards bright sunlight or moving in and out of shade there is a notable flare that spoils the video. In steady light the image is very good but deteriorates quite badly if you riding moderate Roubaix type rough stuff. Like you I have also failed to get the Di2 feature to work as well. Having said all that the camera has great potential (but not for recording epic rides – just snatches of them) providing Shimano can fix the bugs and create a halfway decent video-editing package to accompany it. Currently I use it mainly to record parts of my commute for which it is more than adequate.
    Anthony

    Reply
  28. Jeffrey

    I have one of the new Shimano cams that my LBS was able to order for me. I've used it for a couple of weeks but I'm kind of disappointed. I've owned the Contour Roam 2, and was thinking that the 720p at 120fps would be way better video on this cam.

    So far, it's not.

    Be it on the road bike or the MTB, the native video is blurry. I'm shocked that 720p and 120fps isn't stellar quality. Are you finding this, DC?

    Also, have you been able to find out what the "high sensitivity setting" in the phone app menu is for?

    As for the wiggle in the mount: I put one single piece of electrical tape on the top side of the MOUNT, where the camera slides into, and just that thickness was enough to snug it up almost perfectly. I've also been concerned that the little tab that holds that camera in the mount will vibrate just perfectly enough to release the camera on my MTB or my CX bike, so when on the bike (even the road bike, just for good measure), I tape a piece of electrical tape across the bottom front of the camera and around to the sides of the mount so It is literally taped into the mount and any perfect storm of vibration and timing won't result in the camera evacuating the mount.

    The aforementioned piece of electrical tape that eliminates the wiggle in the mount seems like it would all but eradicate that possibility too, btw.

    PLEASE HELP!

    Do you have any input pertaining to optimal settings and what the "high sensitivity setting" is?

    Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      In general I choose higher resolution over higher frame rates - unless I have a specific reason from a video editing standpoint that I'd want to use the higher frame rates at a slower speed.

      Meaning, typically the reason someone goes with 120fps is because they're going to slow it back down to 24 or 30FPS, and make that 1-second really take 4-5 seconds. But, that's all in post-production. So if you're just uploading to YouTube without any post-production, then definitely go with 1080p instead.

      As for the high sensitivity setting, I was wondering the same - but haven't poked into what it does yet.

      As an aside, they did release another firmware update three days ago for the unit. Though, it doesn't really say what's new/fixed other than "small bugs".

      Reply
    • Jeffrey replied

      Cool! Thanks for the 1080p tip. I guess I was assuming the video would be smoother at normal speed with the higher frame rate too.

      How do you go about updating the firmware on the cm1000?

      I'm interested to hear what you discover about the high sensitivity setting too.

      Reply
    • Rainmaker replied

      The instructions are here at the bottom of this page: link to shimano-sportcamera.com

      Reply
  29. Dheva Raja

    Thanks for a great writeup!

    Like you, I also can not get the camera to pair with Di2...unlike my edge 1000.

    Heading to Paris in a few weeks (from the DC area), with my bike in tow! Heading to Normandy and the south of Spain too. Any cycling advice, links, etc to some recommended rides would be much appreciated...

    Reply
  30. You mention the time-lapse photo mode - but I can't see in the docs how to get it into that mode?

    Your review is pretty spot on. Shows lots of promise. The limitations are mainly there for good reason - and not a reason to look elsewhere... now I've got rid of the slack in the clip with the excellent LX-tape trick :)

    Now we just need the desktop software, and a decent manual!!

    Reply
  31. DashWare now includes Shimano support in the installation package.

    link to dashware.net

    Reply
  32. eric b

    just picked up a d-fly / eww-01 unit. paired just fine with my cm-1000 on the first try. however, i did apply a firmware update to it immediately upon receipt. latest firmware is v 3.0.1 as of july 14, 2014.

    Reply
  33. A DashWare customer just posted a good Shimano video using a Garmin 1000 and Stages wattmeter. link to dashware.net

    Reply
  34. John W

    Always great reviews rainmaker! That said, why in the world did you compare sizes with the GoPro out of it's waterproof case? You can't even mount the thing without the case, and it clearly skews ones perspective of size. In fact size and form factor would be the main reason I'd consider the Shimano.

    Reply
  35. Adam

    Maybe I missed something. So how do you connect it to your laptop? Can you connect via a Mac?

    Reply
    • Ray Maker replied

      You'll simply plug in via the included micro-USB cable, to your Mac's USB port. It'll show up just like any other USB thumb drive.

      Reply
  36. Hunter Harris

    I just bought the shimano camera. I can to get it to pair up with my Samsung galaxy note 2. Anything I can do to resolve my is sure or I have to take back for a go pro hero.

    Reply
  37. Sylvester Jakubowski

    The action camera isn't picking up Cadence from my Stages power meter, customer service didn't even give me a case/issue/ticket number when I reported the issue, I was told to buy a cadence sensor.... No idea when the firmware update was coming either.

    Reply
  38. rider

    i cannot hear any volume on android app....also how do transfer files to mac? thanks

    Reply
  39. Paul

    Shimano or Virb? For biking solely, maybe throwing on the bottom of the pool for some stroke instruction or my kids shooting stills of themselves.

    Reply
    • DC Rainmaker replied

      It depends. I haven't played with the Shimano too much yet in the pool, so I can't comment on the quality of the lens underwater. For the VIRB underwater you'll need the dive case, since otherwise it'll be all out of focus. Otherwise, given Shimano still hasn't released even the first version of their software, I'd be more inclined to go with the VIRB at this point - simply because the VIRB Edit software is really good these days...and it's actually available.

      Reply
    • Paul replied

      Thanks Ray!

      Reply
  40. Roger Young

    Terrific review and instructions. Any idea where/if it's possible to get a replacement for the sliding mount/part that fits directly on the camera? Thanks!

    Reply
  41. jeff I

    So what would you recommend for a camera primarily used for cycling (especially the velodrome) and secondarily skiing, snowboarding, kids hockey games. Definitely want ant+ which I assume limits me to garmin or shimano

    Reply
    • DC Rainmaker replied

      It's tough, because at this point Shimano still hasn't released their desktop software that was due this past summer. Without that software, the camera's primary benefit (connecting to ANT+ data) is sorta...useless. I've attempted numerous times to reach out to Shimano, but like every other tech-focused thing they've ventured into they become very isolated and don't respond at all.

      It's really too bad, as I do like the physical camera, but given where we stand with minimal updates and an incomplete product, I feel like it may be one of those things where it's best to avoid and instead look at players that are actively innovating/updating (or even just responding), such as GoPro, Sony, and Garmin.

      Reply

Post a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.
If you would like a profile picture, simply register at Gravatar, which works here on DCR and across the web.

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>